Excavation is the act or process of digging, especially when something specific is being removed from the ground. Archaeologists useexcavation to find artifacts and fossils.

  • Pronunciation: /ˌekskəˈveɪʃən/
  • English Description: if a scientist or archaeologist excavates an area of land, they dig carefully to find ancient objects, bones etc
  • Chinese Translation: 挖掘(Wa1 Jue2)
  • Spanish Translation: excavación
  • STORY: There are many types of excavation, but they all involve digging holes in the earth. Mining for coal, gold, or diamonds all require excavation, and before buildings and houses can be built, there is often some excavation that's done before a foundation can be poured. The Latin source of excavation is excavationem, "a hollowing out," from excavare, "to hollow out," with its roots of ex-, "out," and cavare, "to hollow."


  • The capsule, dating back to 1840, was discovered in the foundations of a building in Brooke Park as part of a planned excavation

  • The Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration started awarding the grants in 1995, following a series of accidents caused by excavation damage to underground facilities.

P.S: New word description, story and part of "EXAMPLE SENTENCE" are cited in Vocabulary.com